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The National Committee for the Protection of Animals used for Scientific Purposes

The National Committee for the Protection of Animals used for Scientific Purposes works to promote the practice of the 3Rs Principles – Replacement (Use of alternatives for animal testing), Reduction (Use of animals should be as few as possible) & Refinement (Use of the most gentle methods for animal testing and housing of laboratory animals).

​The committee shall advice the competent authorities (in Denmark The Animal Experiments Inspectorate) and the animal welfare bodies in cases concerning the acquisition, breeding, housing, care and use of laboratory animals and to ensure exchange of the best practice (for more information on laboratory animals and the 3Rs also visit the website for the Danish 3R-Center). 


All facilities conducting animal experiments are required to be associated with an animal welfare body, which is responsible for guiding researchers, animal keepers, veterinarians and other specialists on the practice of the 3Rs Principles in research. In addition, the committee shall ensure an exchange of knowledge within the 3Rs Principles between other national committees within the EU.

The committee members are also board members in the Danish 3R-Center.​

 

The Committee members
The National Committee for the Protection of Animals used for Scientific Purposes consists of a chairman and 6 members, all with high professional expertise and experience in at least one of the following areas: Replacement, Reduction and Refinement concerning animal experiments and laboratory animals. For more information read the regulation on the Rules of Procedure of the National Committee for the Protection of Animals used for Scientific Purposes.
 
Chairman, Head of Institute, PhD Christine Lydia Nellemann, Head of the Technical University of Denmark clne@food.dtu.dk

 Dr. Vet. Sci., Professor Adrian Smith, The Norwegian Veterinary Institute   
adrians@online.no

Dr. Vet. Sci., Professor Axel Kornerup Hansen, University of Copenhagen
akh@sund.ku.dk
 
PhD Erwin L. Roggen, 3Rs Management and Consulting ApS
3RsMC.eu@gmail.com
 
DVM, PhD, dipECLAM Jan Lund Ottesen, Novo Nordisk
jlo@novonordisk.com

Professor, PhD, Lisbeth E. Knudsen, University of Copenhagen
liek@sund.ku.dk
 
Associate Professor, PhD, Peter Bollen, The University of Southern Denmark
pbollen@health.sdu.dk
 

 

Animal welfare bodies
People which are authorized to conduct animal experiments are required to be associated with an animal welfare body of the facility in which the housing and experiments are conducted. If no animal welfare body exist at the facility it must be created.
 
The Committee´s call to the Animal welfare bodies
 
The call is intended as supplementary guidance (in addition to the legislation) on how animal welfare bodies can realize their part.
 
Establishment of an Animal welfare body
To establish an animal welfare body one can contact The Animal Experiments Inspectorate, who can guide the legislative obligations. The following examples may assist as guidelines.

Example 1:

- A company/institute with one or few housing facilities for animals
- Central management and supervision regarding the design, operation and care of animals.
- Central management and supervision of authorizations, animal experiments, purchases of animals, etc.  In this example, an animal welfare body will be able to cover all authorized members in the company/institute.

Example 2:

- A company/institute where each individual department/faculty has their own management and supervision regarding the design, operation and care of animals.
- Each department/faculty has its own management and supervision of authorizations, animal experiments, purchases of animals, etc. 

In this example, an animal welfare body will be established (as a starting point) for each department/faculty. However, it can occur that the company/institute establish a common animal welfare body to ensure that decision, information and advice are communicated uniformly to all departments. The animal welfare body must then consist of one representative from all departments/faculties.    

Example 3:

- An authorized member with own housing facilities.
- The authorized member is responsible for the design, operation and care of animals.
- The authorized member has his/her own management and supervision of authorizations, animal experiments, purchases of animals, etc.

In this case, a separate animal welfare should be established, which cover housing, test site and all completed tests. However, it can occur that the authorized member gets an agreement with one of the existing animal welfare bodies that he/she is associated with. This will require that the animal welfare body has sufficient knowledge and insight concerning the conditions to be able to give proper advice.
 
The members of the animal welfare body
An animal welfare body must at least consist of the/those individual(s) responsible for the supervision of the welfare and care of the animals and one scientific member, namely the authorized member or a represent for this member. Hence, an animal welfare body must consist of at least two individuals. It is, however, advantageous if the animal welfare body consists of more than only two members, since a wider exchange of knowledge and a better information network to and from the rest of the organization is ensured this way. It may very well be beneficial to also include the designated veterinarian, a representative for the animal care takers, a member from management and / or an external lay member.
 
Tasks of the animal welfare body
The legal requirements and tasks of the animal welfare body are stated in the Act on Animal experiments (Chapter 19). In general, it must contribute to the welfare of laboratory animals. This is obtained through guidance on animal welfare and the use of the 3Rs Principles (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement). The animal welfare body is also obligated to establish internal operating procedures for monitoring, reporting and follow-up on the welfare of the laboratory animals. How this work is done in individual facilities is mainly decided by the individual animal welfare body.
 
Documentation of the work of the animal welfare body
The work of the animal welfare body must be documented in writing. Written documentation must be available to the Animal Experiments Inspectorate upon request. The documentation needs not be included in a classic protocol, but may consist of the animal welfare body meeting summaries, intern procedures and course descriptions, as well as other actions that promote the welfare of animals and the usage of the 3Rs Principles.
 
A private network for the animal welfare bodies exists. Please contact Thomas Bertelsen, Novo Nordisk A/S, for more information (TSBT@novonordisk.com).